Trouble in Paradise (1932)


Appreciating the conniving “Countess Lily” for the Miriam Hopkins Blogathon.

Trouble in Paradise is a pure delight and one of the most perfect comedies ever made. The heart of the story is a romance between two voracious and supremely talented crooks, Miriam Hopkins and Herbert Marshall. They turn each other on with their skill and exploits, getting more attracted and amorous as they outdo and impress one another with sleight of hand and escalating deftness of pickpocketry. Pilfering, stealing and swindling equates to every act and aspect of romance for these soul mates, and they make the relationship naughty, flirty and rocky fun all the way.

The third point of the romantic triangle is the couple’s next target, Kay Francis, a rich widow and queen of Big Perfume, Colet & Company. She’s extravagant and flashy and has suitors falling all over themselves to impress her, including rivals Charlie Ruggles and recent Marshall con victim Edward Everett Horton. Francis uses them for company but has no romantic interest, which she tells them with the casual and classy kiss-off, “don’t worry, it’s not only you that I don’t love.”

One night at the theater, Marshall steals Francis’ diamond studded purse. She offers a reward far greater than what Marshall and Hopkins could ever sell it for, so he returns the bag, and after some smooth moves, secures Francis’ attraction to him. By planting insecurity in Francis’ head about the handling of her finances, by giving her makeup and love advice and also helping her swat away unwanted callers, Marshall hires himself as her personal assistant, trusted advisor and potential boyfriend. Hopkins soon joins the con as Francis’ typist, and the couple is confident about their plot to make off with Francis’ fortune. And jewels–Hopkins is insistent about not forgetting some jewels. It all starts to fall apart after Horton recognizes Marshall as the bogus tonsil expert who robbed him at the start of the movie. Now the couple has to make a speedy escape, possibly empty-handed, but Marshall seems to have fallen for Francis and leaves Hopkins waiting and wondering whether the tempting “sex appeal” is truly only in the money.


All three leads are so great in this, a joy to watch as they playfully, expertly interact and put adult spins on the layered dialogue and suggestive situations, and much can be said about them; since this is a Miriam Hopkins appreciation event I’ll put the spotlight on her. This movie was her second of three with director Ernst Lubitsch and it proved to audiences that the praise she earned in her previous films like The Smiling Lieutenant, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde and Dancers in the Dark were well deserved.

I’m a fan of Hopkins’ acting but I always find it hard to describe what exactly makes her so unique and an especially valuable jewel in a masterpiece like this. She has a vibrancy that she can use to be unruly, hyperactive and frenetic or that she reins in to seem tightly coiled and highly focused. She can play intelligent and uptight, but also has no trouble making herself look ridiculous, shallow and absurd. She gets great effect with a brief glance or slight motion, sometimes just a squint. She’s one of the most finely tuned instruments ever seen in Pre-Code and sophisticated comedy.

Here, with Lubitsch’s ideas and direction she sparkles. She said working with the director was a master class; so is her acting in this movie. She’s pure mischief and calculation and gives us something memorable in every scene. There’s that exchange at dinner with Marshall when she tells him what she knows about him directly and nonchalantly: “I have a confession to make to you: Baron, you are a crook. You robbed the gentleman in 253, 5, 7 and 9. May I have the salt?” It reveals that she considers herself his equal, at least in that moment; they have a way of constantly surprising and reassessing each other and then meeting again as equals on higher levels. During that dinner, they admit or discover that they’ve stolen items from each other, and in the garter portion of that exchange, she conveys so naturally and so easily, a series of emotions in a few seconds: shock, disbelief, wonder, admiration, love.

When she’s near Francis’ jewelry her eyes widen and ogle, she reacts physically and has to sit on her hands to control herself from snatching the jewels. You have to admire her pride and her crazy negotiation tactics when she confronts Francis for thinking she could “buy” Marshall for a mere 50 extra francs in wages. “You can have him for nothing!” she says, tossing the 100,000 (stolen) francs on Francis’ bed. To think, she adds a moment later, you’d throw away that many francs on a stupid purse, you can certainly pay 100,000 francs for HIM, she says, taking the money off Francis’ bed and storming off with it.

I love the bit where Hopkins dips her pastry in coffee but hides it behind a newspaper so Marshall doesn’t see, because he probably considers it uncouth and fattening. Later when Hopkins watches Francis do the exact same thing and asks her not to tell Marshall, Hopkins recognizes the action and the sentiment behind it and seethes with jealousy. And it’s not just regular jealousy. It’s the highest respect for Marshall’s criminal nature and talent; she considers her “sugar daddy” far above any form of affection he could ever get from an outsider who would think him an ordinary thief instead of a brilliant artist. Hopkins begs him not to become that most loathsome of creatures, the Gigolo, a fate she considers worse even than losing him! No, she loves, admires and worships him as a Grade A crook, and wants him to remain the best in his class. Hopkins helps make Trouble in Paradise one of the best in its class with her fine, vivacious performance, bringing to life a jealous, greedy con-woman who’s also a fellow genius’ one true soul mate.

This post is part of the Miriam Hopkins blogathon hosted by Silver Screenings and Font & Frock/A Small Press Life 



28 thoughts on “Trouble in Paradise (1932)”

  1. Kristina, I must confess I don’t know as much about Miriam Hopkins as others, but you’re making me think I’d better start getting to know Ms. Hopkins better, especially in this one! 😀 I very much enjoyed your post, and I’ll start paying more attention to her movies! 😀

    1. Just by checking out the posts in this blogathon you are sure to find some movies that appeal to you, she made a lot of good ones. This one is an essential of comedy/pre-code so you can’t go wrong with it. Thanks!

  2. P.S: I found myself joking about Hopkins gag Ms. Hopkins in a nod to ANIMAL HOUSE and the pastry scene: ” Piflering pastry is no way to go through life, son!” 😀

      1. HA! Glad you got a kick out of my playful TROUBLE/ IN PARADISE, my friend, and thanks for getting me interested with Miriam Hopkins! 😀

    1. Well put, she does sprinkle the glitter around and it’s tough to capture and describe how that works, it just does and it’s so much fun to watch. Thanks!

    1. I’m glad you enjoyed it as it’s a favourite and such a great example of the sophisticated adult comedy. Very re-watchable. Thanks!

  3. Oh, you picked a real jewel in Miss Miriam’s crown to review! She really is wonderful in this film (as is Kay Francis) – but Miriam is such a scamp here – stealing jewels and viewers’ hearts.

    1. All three actors are so good here, and Kay vs Miriam are so different in every way that it’s a great contrast but they do equally good work. Wonderful movie, fun to watch and write about. Thanks

  4. “Don’t worry, it’s not only you that I don’t love.” Ouch!! That is such a great and cruel line.

    I’ve only seen the last half of this movie, and loved every second of it. Thanks to your review, I can finally catch up on the first half!

    Thanks for adding this movie to the blogathon. It would not have been the same without you, Kristina.

    1. I love that line, and how she’s casually playing golf while saying it! Everyone has such a ridiculous side in this. It’s a rich movie that rewards many viewings, definitely sit yourself down and watch it to the end, girl! Thanks for the compliments and thanks for this fun event.

  5. I’m another one who loves this film – great review, Kristina! Must agree that all the three main actors work together wonderfully. It must be time to watch it again…

  6. Great review. I guess I need to review my opinion of Miriam. I have only seen her in a couple of films and wasn’t impressed. But this sounds treat.
    Not so keen on Mr. Marshall either but your review makes it sound such fun.

    1. Well just like the blogathon last week, we are not meant to like all the same things and that’s fine. I have often read about Miriam being an “acquired taste” so you’re not alone, people seem to either love or have none for her. But who knows you might find something like this? Thanks for reading!

  7. I’ve always paid so much attention to the wonderful writing with this one that I don’t think I ever paid enough attention to the acting. But you’re right. Hopkins is wonderful in it! Leah

    1. Yes the writing is great you know what I love is that joke, the next punch line that you’re expecting is not the one that comes, but they almost step ahead to the next twist/joke— clever. Thanks for reading

  8. Kristina, I really enjoyed your blog. Great analysis of Miriam’s qualities. This was a case of a great director coaxing fine performances out of all his stars – all in service of a great film.

    1. Thanks so much– it is a great movie you can rewatch and always find new things that impress. Glad I found your blog through this event, and glad you stopped by to say hello 🙂

  9. I second your ‘perfect comedy’ comment. I can’ think how this could be bettered and I actually prefer it to Designing For Life which lags in some parts. It’s hard to pin down what’s so wonderful about Hopkins. Perhaps that accounts for her lack of recognition!

    1. I agree, that movie has good moments for sure (I love the bit where Miriam flops on the dusty sofa) but isn’t as brilliant all the way through. Well hopefully she’ll gather some new fans from this event! Thanks for reading

    1. I love that too, they way they flirt and get closer is so original and creatively done. And you’re right her appeal is sometimes best described as “it” because it’s tough to capture what exactly she does. I will, thanks for reading this one 🙂

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