Highway 301 (1950)


Gangsters and their ladies live the high life until their “biggest robbery” goes bad in this great thriller. 

Highway 301 is a well made and very exciting crime picture with a big cast led by Steve Cochran, Virginia Grey, Robert Webber, Richard Egan, Gaby Andre, Aline Towne and Edmon Ryan. The film begins with a documentary style preamble by three actual Governors talking about the scourge of crime and the hopes that movies like this, based on actual events, might discourage it. Next, voiceover introduces us to a car full of criminals: the stooge (Egan), the congenital criminal (Webber), the handy henchman (Wally Cassell) and the fearsome head man (Cochran). They enter a bank and proceed to hold it up, revealing their hard, tough and dangerous methods and characters. Later that evening they relax at a nightclub where we meet the girlfriends who live well off the proceeds of crime. Cochran slaps his girlfriend Towne when she gets jealous over his ogling of Webber’s new French Canadian “souvenir,” Gaby Andre. A rattled and angry Towne starts spilling the beans about the mens’ criminal activities to Andre, who had no idea what the men do. Virginia Grey, a wiser moll, tells Towne to shut her mouth, but it’s too late; Cochran, once crossed or disobeyed, has no mercy, and Towne’s loose tongue seals her fate.


The scene where Cochran follows Towne back to her apartment is incredibly suspenseful, and uses the elevator dial to great effect, first representing a delay Towne can’t afford; she runs up the stairs. Only moments later the dial signals Cochran’s approach, as she waits for the elevator doors to open and is horrified to see him standing there. He guns her down in front of the petrified elevator attendant and she tumbles down the stairs. It’s a graphic scene that shows us what a brutal monster Cochran can be (he reloads immediately after shootings), and also leads into the police work that’s going on in the meantime, as the bullet is matched to another murder and a partial licence plate number gets them one step closer to their car. The rest of the film concerns the mob’s next heist, their “biggest one ever,” which any crime movie fan knows usually means a jinxed and ill fated one. In this case they murder a payroll truck guard to steal $2 million and end up with stacks of worthless cut bills, more troubles within the gang, and more evidence left behind.


Virginia Grey is really good as the sassy but smart woman who puts on the right act to survive with the gang. Watch the smooth way she sidles up to the men, almost putting on a tough girl mask before interacting with them. She’s gritty enough to be one of the boys but knows it’s safer to stay in her place. She has her own mind and coping mechanisms, like carrying that radio everywhere and blissfully relaxing to its sounds as an escape. When she’s sent to a hospital to get some info for the men she pretends to be a reporter and is a delight to watch as she gets deeper stuck in the mire with every lie she tells. She ends up trapped with detective Edmon Ryan as he quizzes her and takes apart her story, while trying not to let on he’s noticed her nervously fidget with the gun in her pocket.

Robert Webber has a nice part as a potentially good bad guy who loves Andre, hates that she had to find out about his unpleasant work but might just be able to walk away from it all to please her. The star of the show is Cochran, who creates a criminal psycho so vicious, and one who has such a dramatic fate, that you could easily place him in a lineup next to Tony Montana, Rico Bandello, Tom Powers and the like (in fact some of those guys might run away from Cochran, he’s so nasty). He even anticipates modern movie gangster style by holding his gun sideways as he fires his way out of a shootout.

Highway 301 does a great job combining noir grit, darkness and contrast with intense dread and some genuine shocks. There are a couple impressive sequences that unfolded on brightly lit nighttime streets, once when Andre sneaks away from a diner and grabs a paper to see if Webber survived a shootout. She walks slowly away as she goes through all her emotions, then picks up the pace in panic and determination as she decides to make her escape, all while Cochran watches, then races to catch up to her. In another attempt she hides in the alleys, corners and shadows of an increasingly empty neighbourhood. Cochran is relentless but keeps losing her, and when she begs for help from a group of drunken revelers, their good deed results in a scary surprise.


And that’s not the half of it. I didn’t even tell you about the great roadblock part where the police poke around what looks to be an egg truck bound for market, parting the crates just enough to throw shafts of sunlight on the gangsters hidden in the space behind all the boxes. Nor did I mention which of the women is crafty enough to escape being locked in a room by working the key out the other side of the door and pulling it back to her side on a newspaper. Or the amazing overhead shots that capture the bank robbery, or the gangsters’ visit to the hospital to silence a witness, which reminded me of a similar bit in The Godfather. It’s all done with skill, efficiency and atmosphere courtesy of director Andrew Stone (The Last Voyage, The Steel Trap, Julie), and put to thrilling music by William Lava. The Governors’ speeches at the start may make some wonder if this will be a cookie cutter procedural, but nothing about this plot is predictable, the investigation has some interesting forensics and familiar faces, and the story zips right along with the gang and their women as they spiral out of control and fall apart. Very cool movie that should impress any gangster or noir fan.

Thanks to commenter John K for recommending this one! It’s available from Warner Archive.




17 thoughts on “Highway 301 (1950)”

    1. You must see this if you like crime or noir, I was really impressed by it! I like Cochran a lot and this is the best I’ve seen from him so far.

  1. Which governors are they? From the film’s title, I’m guessing they include Maryland and Virginia, as there’s an actual (U.S.) Highway 301 that goes through those states, including a bridge crossing the Potomac River southeast of Washington. At about the time the film was made, one of the nearby towns, Colonial Beach, Va., had slot machines in pier casinos extending into Maryland (where gambling then was legal).

    1. Ding! 2 out of 3 you got: they’re Virginia, Maryland and North Carolina. The Govs each get a nice morality speech at the start, and there is mention of Washington as well in the story when Virginia Grey lies about being a reporter from there, so they were accurate in that detail too. Great movie, be sure to check it out sometime and thank you!

  2. Thanks for the reference Kristina….fame at last!
    Those governors at the films intro are almost as scary
    as the gangsters!
    Aren’t those scenes between Edmon Ryan and Virginia Grey
    Thanks for reviewing this one quicker than Laura and Colin,
    their “to be viewed heaps” are starting to give me sleepless
    nights 🙂
    But hey,as Colin says there are far worse things to have to
    worry about!
    There has been quiet a bit of talk over at Laura’s regarding
    Forrest Tucker lately and oddly enough Tucker teamed up with
    Gaby Andre for “England’s only entry on the giant bug movie
    checklist.” The decidedly loopy THE STRANGE WORLD OF PLANET
    X (a.k.a. COSMIC MONSTERS) is a total must for bad movie lovers
    everywhere. Still this little gem did neither of their careers any harm.
    Thanks again Kristina for a wonderful review of this unheralded

    1. Thank you! You got me at just the right time with that recommend, I was craving a crime movie. Glad I took your advice because I really loved it! Unheralded is the word, a tough picture with great performances, I loved Ryan keeping an eye on Grey’s gun and making her squirm with his incessant questions. That hospital scene made me think of the Godfather, and as much as I love modern movies like that one, I love it more when I find similar influential stuff in older movies, it’s a kick to discover that what many think is so fresh and new actually was done before– and usually much better. Love a bad monster movie too, and will check STRANGE WORLD out sometime. Cheers

    2. John, you made me laugh out loud!! Sorry about the insomnia. 🙂 🙂 Thanks to both you and Kristina I just pulled this one out of my stack and moved it up to my very “hottest” “watch soon” stack next to the TV. So I might actually get to it this year! LOL. It’s true, a big stack of great stuff to watch is a wonderful problem to have!!

      This sounds so good. I love Cochran and I also admire Richard Egan. It is fun, I got to know another University of Oregon band mom on Twitter — we actually met in person last December — she grew up in L.A. and when she saw my review of UNDERWATER! she mentioned her family was good friends with his family (her parents were godparents to one of his kids). I have previously read that he was an admirable “faith and family first” kind of guy, and she says he wouldn’t make a movie he didn’t want his kids to see.

      THE STRANGE WORLD OF PLANET X description made me chuckle also.

      Kristina, loved your review. I always enjoy Virginia Grey, and Robert Webber is someone I first came to know in TV guest roles so it will be interesting to see him in his younger acting days. I’ve also become an Andrew Stone fan. He made a lot of interesting movies, from big pictures like THE LAST VOYAGE and JULIE to little pictures like CONFIDENCE GIRL. I especially love a rare one called THE BACHELOR’S DAUGHTERS. (I might have sent it to you?) Thanks for encouraging me to see this one soon, it sounds fantastic.

      Best wishes,

      1. Haha, if only I had insomnia I’d have more time to movie. Laura this is good, I think you’d like it, now you know why the Godfather popped into my mind. That’s neat about Egan and that personal connection, small world. Nice to hear he was a good man too, and I sure like seeing him in anything. 300 Spartans is one of my favs of his, maybe you’ve seen that.

        Webber was indeed a familiar face on TV and here he’s so young and cute, a gangster with a heart. Bachelor’s Daughters does sound familiar, I’ll check on that, and thanks to Stone and cast this is another one of those movies that pulls the rug out of the overrated ones and needs to be better known. Thanks & best.

    1. Yes I loved it and hope people check it out, frankly I can’t believe how little I’ve ever heard of it considering how gritty and good it is, and how edgy and forward-looking in the writing and the style. That overhead shot alone seems very ahead of its time. Thanks!

  3. Okay, you’ve convinced me. I have to see and/or record this movie the next time I see it on TCM (I hope). A great second-tier cast (as far as star stature is concerned, not talent) in good roles sounds like a lot of fun to me.

    1. It is fun and super gritty. Steve Cochran is such a gripping villain– would have written about him for the blogathon if I hadn’t already done this post. Thanks!

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